Time Line


1786 - The Shays Rebellion
            
The Real Story of Shays Rebellion -I count this as the beginning of the Libertarian Movement. 

      In 1786 Americans rose up in response to the confiscatory actions of the government most of them had risked their lives to create. In Massachusetts former soldiers and citizens began closing the courts because of the injustices being visited on them and their fellow citizens by a corporate elite, most of them speculators who profited as they bought up the Notes for Consolidating State Debt issued to former soldiers to be honored in the future. The bicameral General Court for Massachusetts was then writing laws which made it impossible for some of these men, now farming and struggling to feed their families, to keep their property. The Notes could not be used, even to pay taxes. Most were sold at a tenth their face value so these honest, hard-working people could survive.
      It was wrong – and the many pleas over a period of years did not move those in power to change what they had created when the Massachusetts Constitution was voted on in 1780. That winter had been so severe few towns in the West could make their way through the snow to vote.
      So citing the Declaration, men took up arms, closed the courts, which they had done prior to the Revolution for the same reasons. A minority of these men where struggling farmers, most of whom had served. But many were more well-to-do, respected Veterans, decorated for bravery, who returned home to continue their lives as leading citizens in their communities. The Regulators, which is what these rebels called themselves, were numbered in the thousands.
       Read Shays Rebellion by Leonard L. Richards. Professor Richards was surprised when he finally did the research to see the story he thought he knew well was created to hide the truth about this rising of the people in protection of their rights.
The People lost, some fled, but most of then conceded and returned to live out their lives.
The ideas of freedom and individual rights continued to be at issue through the Transcendentalist Movement.  The non-violent struggle to end slavery, the unending campaign by activists like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, the movement to allow women to become educated, hold professional jobs in their own right,  all of these continued in parallel.  Activists risked their lives to maintain safe houses for slaves, which today we know as the Underground Rail Road.  
These upheld the principles of individual ownership and the sovereignty of the individual against a White Male Elite who were determined to continue to steal the lives of others.  
The failure of enough people to see and understand the principles which today we understand as 'Libertarianism,' caused many to turn away and adopt collectivism.  When we refuse to honor the rights of all as equal then we destroy trust in the truth of our spoken and written words.  Action speaks most loudly and i - n this period too many people today identified as Libertarians failed to act in support of their own principles. 
1793 -  January 3 - Born Lucretia Coffin  From: Biography "in Nantucket, Massachusetts, Lucretia Mott was a women's rights activist, abolitionist, and religious reformer. Mott was strongly opposed to slavery and a supporter of William Lloyd Garrison and his American Anti-Slavery Society. She was dedicated to women's rights, publishing her influential Discourse on Woman and founding Swarthmore College. Mott died in Pennsylvania in 1880."
1808 -  January 19 -  Site - Lysander Spooner was born in Athol, Massachusetts.  He was a writer who called himself an abolitionist.  
1815 - November - Elizabeth Cady  - WIKI - "is born  in Johnstown, New York, Elizabeth Cady was the daughter of Margaret Livingston and Daniel Cady, Johnstown's most prominent citizens. She received her formal education at the .  Johnstown Academy and at Emma Willard's Troy Female Seminary in New York. Her father provided her with an informal legal education too.
Well educated for a woman, Cady married abolitionist lecturer Henry Stanton, and had 7 children.  On their honeymoon in London to attend a World’s Anti-Slavery convention, she and Lucretia Mott were angered at the exclusion of women and vowed to call a woman’s rights convention."

1820 - February 15 - WIKI "Susan Brownell Anthony (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American social reformer and feminist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17."

1848 -  First Women's Rights Convention - WIKI - Held by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and  Lucretia Mott,  "at Seneca Falls, New York. She wrote “The Declaration of Sentiments,” calling for changes in law and society - educational, legal, political, social and economic - to elevate women’s status, and demanding the right to vote. Those present at the convention signed the Declaration. That same year, Cady Stanton also circulated petitions throughout New York to urge the New York Congress to pass the New York Married Women’s Property Act."

1854 - April 17 - Benjamin Tucker - Wiki - Benjamin Ricketson Tucker (April 17, 1854 – June 22, 1939) was a proponent, in the 19th century, of American individualist anarchism, which he called "unterrified Jeffersonianism,"[1] and editor and publisher of the individualist anarchist periodical Liberty.

1870 - October 13 -  Albert Jay Nock born WIKI (October 13, 1870 – August 19, 1945) was an influential American libertarian author, educational theorist, Georgist, and social critic of the early and middle 20th century.

1880 - September 12 - Henry Louis Mencken, a German-American journalist, satirist, cultural critic and scholar of American English, is born in Baltimore, Maryland.  Wikipedia

           November 11 - Lucretia Mott dies in Chelton Hills (now part of Philadelphia), Pennsylvania.

1887 - May 17 - Lysander Spooner dies.   

1881 - August - Liberty Magazine - WIKI - Liberty was a nineteenth-century anarchist periodical published in the United States by Benjamin Tucker, from August 1881 to April 1908. The periodical was instrumental in developing and formalizing the individualist anarchist philosophy through publishing essays and serving as a format for debate.

1902 - October 26 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton dies in NY City.

1906 - March 13 - Susan B. Anthony dies in Rochester, NY

From: Konkin’s History of the Libertarian Movement  "Prior to 1969, there was no “organized” Libertarian Movement. In the 1800s, circles formed around Lysander Spooner’s individualist abolitionism in Massachusetts, followed by."

I disagree.  It is inane to confuse making a living writing books, safely tucked away in discrete poverty, to taking action for individual rights. - Melinda Pillsbury-Foster 


1945 -  August 19 - Albert Jay Nock dies WIKI

1947  - July 8 - Samuel Edward Konkin III, born in Saskatchewan, CanadaPropertarianism "Also known as SEK3, was the author of the publication New Libertarian Manifesto and a proponent of a political philosophy which he named agorism." Wikipedia

1956 -  January 29 - H. L. Mencken dies,  Baltimore, MD

1969                    National Taxpayers Union

         

 1970 
        January -     David Nolan creates the Nolan ChartArticle in The Individualist titled,
                              Classifying and Analyzing Politico-Economic Systems.
        February  - The Individualist Magazine in launched.  


1971
        August 15 - President Richard Nixon announces Wage and Price Controls.
                              Immediately afterward former Goldwater supporters begin leaving the
                              Republican Party. 
          
        July-August - Individualist - The Case for a Libertarian Party Written by David F.
                              Nolan

      December 11- Libertarian Party comes into being in Nolan's living room


1971 - 1977  
  
                 The Early Libertarian Party

1972

                  The first Libertarian National Convention was held in 1972 in Denver, Colorado
                  John Hospers and Theodora Nathan were nominated presidential and vice 
                  presidential candidates respectively. They received the first electoral vote won by 
                  a woman, cast by Roger MacBride.

1973

              The Libertarian National Convention was held in Strongsville, Ohio.

1974

               The 1974 Libertarian National Convention adopted the Dallas Accord which sought
               to accommodate supporters of both anarcho-capitalism and minarchism.
               Edward H. Crane, III elected National Chairman.  


1975

               The 1975 Libertarian National Convention was held at the Statler-Hilton hotel in 
               New York City. It nominated Roger MacBride for president, ad after initially 
               selecting NOTA, settled on David Bergland for vice president.

1977

              The 1977 Libertarian National Convention was held at the Palace Hotel in San
              Francisco, California.
              Ed Crane announces to Karl Bray and Gail Lightfoot he is going to get rich by starting
              a not for profit think tank, CATO Institute.   

              Who is Edward H. Crane, III?

1977 - 1979

               Bill Hunscher and Roger MacBride

1979

             The 1979 convention nominated Ed Clark for president and billionaire David H. Koch
            for vice president. Convention held at the Bonaventure Hotel in Los Angeles.  
          
             Campaign for the Libertarian Nomination


Alternative '80

           The 1980 convention was held at the Century City Hotel in Los Angeles, California and
           via satellite. Unlike other Libertarian Party conventions, its primary purpose was
           promotional.  The event was planned as a fundraiser.  Crane is forced to explain to 
           Charles Koch why it lost $250,000 as an interested audience listens in the elevator 
           afterward. 

           The Crane Machine in operation

1981

           The 1981 Libertarian National Convention was held in Denver, Colorado.
           Justin Raimondo sashays up to Eric Garris and Melinda Pillsbury-Foster and tells 
           them a recent incident during which he was caught 'corn-holing an 18 year old male 
           in  the back of a car in San Francisco. 

August 30 - National Committee Meeting 

1983

           National Convention held in New York City.  David Bergland selected as the 
           presidential nominee.

1983 - 1984   

          California - Retailing Liberty 

          The Burns/Bergland/Ravenal Campaign

1985

          The 1985 Libertarian National Convention was held in Phoenix, Arizona.

1987

         The 1987 Libertarian National Convention was held the first weekend in September in 
         Seattle, Washington. At the convention, the party was split between conservative and 
         liberal factions. Ron Paul, representing the former, was nominated as the Libertarian 
         Party's 1988 presidential candidate on the first ballot with 196 of the 368 votes cast.
         His closest opponent, Native American activist Russell Means, received 120 votes. 
         Andre Marrou was selected as Paul's running mate as the candidate for Vice President 
         without any opposition.



1988 -   Ron Paul Campaign

1989

        The 1989 Libertarian National Convention was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1991

        The 1991 Libertarian National Convention was held the last weekend in August, and 
        nominated Andre Marrou as the party's 1992 candidate for president.

1992      

      The Marrou – Emerling Campaign

       The Howie Rich Front for Corporate Control of America

1993

        The 1993 Libertarian National Convention was held in Salt Lake City, Utah.

1996

July - First Weekend - Libertarian National Convention was held in  Washington D.C. and 
           nominated Harry Browne as its presidential candidate.
 

1996 & 2000 - The Harry Browne – Emerling (Cloud) – Willis Campaigns

 


1998

        The 1998 Libertarian National Convention was held in Washington D.C.

2000   

      June 30 to July 4  -    The 2000 Libertarian National Convention was held in Anaheim, 
          California, from . Harry Browne was again chosen as the party's presidential candidate,
          becoming the first Libertarian Party candidate to run twice for President of the United 
          States.

2002

      July 3 to 7 - The 2002 Libertarian National Convention was held in Indianapolis, 
           Indiana, 

2004

      February 23 - Samuel Edward Konkin, III dies in  West Los Angeles, CA

      May 27 to May 31 - The 2004 Libertarian National Convention was held at the Marriott
          Marquis Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia Memorial Day weekend, Michael Badnarik was
          chosen as the party's presidential candidate, beating out Gary Nolan and Aaron Russo
          on the third ballot; Richard Campagna was chosen as the party's vice-presidential 
          candidate over Tamara Millay, and Michael Dixon was elected chair of the Libertarian
          National Committee.


2006

      July 1–2. - The 2006 Libertarian National Convention was held at the Hilton Portland &
          Executive Tower in Portland, Oregon,  Delegates chose (in a "retain or delete" vote 
          process) to eliminate about three quarters of the specific planks in the party's 
          platform and to essentially overturn the Dallas Accord by inserting statements in the 
          platform recognizing the legitimacy of government's role in protecting rights. This turn 
         of events was referred to as the "Portland Massacre."
         Speakers included:

  • Michael Badnarik, candidate for U.S. House of Representatives (TX-10) and the 2004 Libertarian Presidential candidate
  • Judge John A. Buttrick, Maricopa County (Arizona) Superior Court Judge, 1994 Arizona gubernatorial candidate, 1998 Arizona House of Representatives candidate
  • Megan Dickson, an eighth-grade honors student who spoke about libertarianism
  • Patrick Dixon, city councilman, Lago Vista, Texas
  • Bill Lynn, Alderman, Davenport, Iowa
  • Tonie Nathan, former Libertarian Vice-Presidential candidate, and the first women to receive an electoral vote in U.S. history
  • BetteRose Ryan, at-large LNC member
  • Rev. Anthony Williams, candidate for U.S. House of Representatives (IL-2)
  • Former Congressman Bob Barr, who currently serves as the chairman of Patriots to Restore Checks and Balances
  • Andrew Neil, founding chairman of Sky TV, former publisher of The Scotsman, former editor of The Economist and former editor-in-chief of the Sunday Times
  • Christopher J. Farrell, member of the Judicial Watch's Board of Directors
  • Greg Nojeim, associate director and chief legislative counsel for the ACLU
  • Krist Novoselic, founding member of the grunge rock band Nirvana, founder JAMPAC (Joint Artists and Music Promotions Political Action Committee), author of Of Grunge and Government: Let's Fix This Broken Democracy

2008 

       May 23–26 - The  Libertarian National Convention was held at the Sheraton Denver                Downtown Hotel (formerly the Adam’s Mark Hotel) in Denver, Colorado


2010

       May 28 to Monday May 31 - Libertarian National Convention was held in St. Louis,
            Missouri

2012

May 4–6 - The 2012 Libertarian National Convention was held in Las Vegas, Nevada

2014

The 2014 Libertarian National Convention was held in Columbus, Ohio during the last weekend in June.

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